Implementation of Annex II to Marpol 73/78 and the Impact on Reducing Pollution in the Coastal Zoneby T. M. Mallon, Office of Marine Environment &, Systems, Washington, DC, USA,
Marvin Fell, Office of Marine Environment &, Systems, Washington, DC, USA,
Abstract: Implementation of the International Treaty for the Prevention of Marine Pollution from Ships 1973, as amended by the Protocol Related Thereto, 1978 (MARPOL 73/78) will help to reduce the operational and accidental discharges of chemicals into the coastal zone of the United States. The paper referred to in this abstract examines the need for chemical waste reception facilities created by Annex II to MARPOL 73/78 and compares this new demand for reception facilities with the availability of existing waste reception facilities. The interface between the waste reception facility requirements and EPA's hazardous waste regulations is explored. Finally, the costs and benefits of the waste reception facility regulations are discussed. The action necessary to avoid problems complying with these regulations and cost avoidance measures are highlighted.
Subject Headings: Chemical wastes | Coastal environment | Pollution | Water pollution | Chemical treatment | Environmental issues | Agreements and treaties | Ships | North America | United States
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