Aquaculture Development and Coastal Zone Management in Southeast Asia: Conflicts and Complementarity

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by Chua Thia-Eng, Int Cent for Living Aquatic, Resources Management, Manila, Philipp,
James N. Paw, Int Cent for Living Aquatic, Resources Management, Manila, Philipp,

Document Type: Proceeding Paper

Part of: Coastal Zone '87

Abstract: Many Southeast Asian countries have developed elaborate and extensive programs in the development of aquaculture especially coastal agriculture, primary in response to economic and population pressure for increasing animal protein production, foreign exchange earning and employment. The significant role of coastal aquaculture in promoting rural economy accelerates implementation of government policies to develop in a large-scale the aquaculture in Southeast Asia. This paper summarizes the patterns and levels of operations of the various coastal aquaculture practices and the extent of applications of coastal aquafarming systems and methods in Southeast Asia. The impacts of this aquaculture development on coastal resources and the environment are reviewed making reference to critical habitats utilization such as mangroves, coral reefs and mudflats. Conflicts in coastal resources use are identified. The complementarity of coastal aquaculture development with that of management strategies for coastal resources is discussed in the context of the region's socioeconomic conditions.

Subject Headings: Agriculture | Coastal management | Coastal environment | Dispute resolution | Resource management | Economic factors | Employment | Animals | Population projection | Asia | Southeast Asia

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