Tractive Flows Adjacent to Site for Submarine Sewage Pipelineby John L. Luternauer, Geological Survey of Canada, Vancouver, BC, Can,
Robert D. Macdonald, Geological Survey of Canada, Vancouver, BC, Can,
Abstract: Twin 3200 m long submarine sewage pipelines for the city of Vancouver are being placed across the outer tidal flats and upper slope of the Fraser River delta to a water depth of 107 m. Geological and bathymetric surveys of the slope reveal a possible hazard to the pipeline: an elongate trench or chute and hummocky deposits downslope. The deposits are as much as 350 m wide and extend to a water depth of at least 120 m. We conclude these features are maintained by intermittent tractive flows discharged from the outfall channel. We recommend diminishing the potential for flow concentration along the outfall channel, when the channel no longer is needed, in order to reduce the possibility of further sediment accumulation in the hummocky zone which may lead to slope failure.
Subject Headings: Pipe flow | Tides | Underwater pipelines | Channel flow | Offshore pipelines | Sewage | Slopes | Potential flow | Water flow | River flow | Water pipelines | North America | British Columbia | Canada | Vancouver
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