International Strategies for Coastal and Marine Management in the Gulf of Maineby Peter J. Ricketts, St. Mary's Univ, Halifax, NS, Canada,
Abstract: Now that the international maritime boundary dispute between Canada and the United States has been delineated by the International Court of Justice, it is appropriate to consider how the resources of this vital region are to be managed. The arguments expounded during the legal dispute have raised general concerns over the abilities of two countries to manage successfully the fragile but commercially valuable environment of this region. In addition, the drastic socioeconomic implications of mismanagement and restricted access to resources were constant themes in the efforts of both sides to claim jurisdiction over Georges Bank in particular. This paper stresses the need for a comprehensive bilateral management agreement in the Gulf of Maine. A multi-faceted international approach to environmental and resource management, incorporating a Regional Action Plan for the Gulf of Maine, is proposed.
Subject Headings: Coastal management | Gulfs | Resource management | Social factors | Environmental issues | Domain boundary | Court decisions | Gulf of Maine | North America | United States | Canada
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