Institutional Constraints to Coastal Zone Management: A Case Study of Hawaii (
by Chennat Gopalakrishnan, Univ of Hawaii at Manoa, Honolulu, HI, USA,
Abstract: The problems that plague Hawaii's coastal zone management are primarily the result of 'institutional' factors, some of them rather unique. These include: the oligopolistic structure of the state's shoreline ownership; continuing conflicts and controversies among an array of shoreline interests: the private owners, the environmental and conservation groups, and the governmental agencies; jurisdictional overlapping and the lack of interagency coordination; and absence of effective institutional mechanisms to ascertain public interest and incorporate it in coastal zone legislation.
Subject Headings: Shoreline | Coastal management | Public participation | Case studies | Dispute resolution | Private sector | Owners
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