The Canadian Experience with Coastal Zone Managementby Lawrence P. Hildebrand, Environment Canada, Dartmouth, NS, Can,
Abstract: The concept of coastal zone management (CZM) emerged in Canada as a recognizable entity over 15 years ago. Today, the original goal of a national CZM program in Canada is generally considered dead in administrative terms and has become a 'bad word' in government circles. The Canadian attempt at developing a national process for the management of the coastal zone (or 'shore zone' as it became uniquely referred to in Canada) failed. Nevertheless, the management of specific coastal areas is very much alive in Canada today on a less formal, sub-regional basis. This regional innovation is showing promise as an interim step toward better management of Canadian coastal areas, and may provide a useful alternative for other nations where the establishment of a national coastal zone program is not likely to be realized.
Subject Headings: Coastal management | Coastal processes | Shores | Innovation | Environmental issues | Government | North America | Canada
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