Lognormality of Point and Non-Point Source Pollutant Concentrationsby Eugene D. Driscoll, Woodward Clyde Consultants, Oakland, NJ, USA,
Abstract: This paper presents a series of probability plots of water quality data from a variety of discharge sources. It is intended to provide a visual display of the appropriateness of characterizing the variable pollutant concentrations by a log normal distribution. Representative examples of observed data that have been analyzed and plotted to test whether they can be treated as lognormally distributed random variables, are presented for data sets from the following applications: highway stormwater runoff; combined sewer overflows; urban runoff; point source discharges from POTW's; and agricultural runoff. Such examination suggests that a lognormal distribution either actually defines the underlying population of pollutant concentrations, or is at the least a satisfactory approximation for most environmental analyses.
Subject Headings: Water quality | Water pollution | Pollutants | Probability | Water discharge | Runoff | Municipal water | Point source pollution
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