Classification and Behavior of Meander Migration

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by Edward H. Martin, US Geological Survey, Orlando, FL, USA,
Hsieh W. Shen, US Geological Survey, Orlando, FL, USA,
J. Ed Glover, US Geological Survey, Orlando, FL, USA,

Document Type: Proceeding Paper

Part of: Water Forum '86: World Water Issues in Evolution

Abstract: Meander migrations on the Mississippi River between Cairo, Illinois and Baton Rouge, Louisiana for the time period between the years 1765 and 1930 were classified into six categories based on the nature of channel movements. During the time period between 1765 and 1900, man's disturbance on this river reach was relatively minor. This study was mainly based on measurements taken in the years 1765, 1825, 1887 and 1930. The six categories of meander migration were: downstream limb migration, downstream limb rotation, mainly upstream limb migration, upstream limb rotation, pure translation and pure expansion. It was determined that over 60% of future meander migrations could be predicted from the characteristics of each individual initial channel pattern.

Subject Headings: Rivers and streams | Hydraulics | Rotation | Streamflow | Water flow | Open channel flow | River flow | Flow patterns | North America | United States | Mississippi River | Louisiana | Africa | Egypt | Illinois | Cairo

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