Strategy for Ground Water Planningby Abinash C. Chaturvedi, Inst of Engineers, Lucknow, India,
Abstract: Though the percentage of ground water development is only 40%, many areas of India are over developed, where water tables are falling rapidly, due to over pumping. In some areas the surface and ground water resources are inadequate to meet the gross crop requirements. Inter basin transfers of water and ground water recharge were studied on computer aided models. The present and ultimate surface water availability and the ground water potential were worked out with the optimum water requirement for crops. The fortnightly scheduled demands for crops to be met by canals and State tube wells were determined. The deficiencies were programmed to be met from supplies available from private tube wells. Where there was not adequate supply from all sources other measures were taken such as training farmers not to over irrigate, using alternative irrigation methods, restricting crops grown in certain areas, and reuse of tail water.
Subject Headings: Water supply | Water resources | Crops | Groundwater | Hydrologic models | Developing countries | Surface water | Groundwater recharge | India | Asia
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