The Effect of Water Supply and Sanitation Systems on Disease Patterns on Manitoba Indian Reserves

by C. Brocklehurst, Univ of Toronto, Dep of Civil, Engineering, Toronto, Ont, Canada,
G. W. Heinke, Univ of Toronto, Dep of Civil, Engineering, Toronto, Ont, Canada,
H. Hodes, Univ of Toronto, Dep of Civil, Engineering, Toronto, Ont, Canada,



Document Type: Proceeding Paper

Part of: Cold Regions Engineering

Abstract: This study examines the links between water supply and sanitation and health on Indian reserves in Manitoba. Health data on water related diseases were obtained from health care agencies. Water supply and sanitation services were evaluated through site visits and a questionnaire. It was found that there is a serious health problem with water related diseases; that servicing levels on many reserves are inadequate; that a minimum level of water supply of 90L/person. d is required for adequate hygiene, and that public health education, training and administration must be improved.

Subject Headings: Diseases | Engineering education | Water supply systems | Sanitary engineering | Systems engineering | North America | Canada | Manitoba

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