Impact of Economic Factors on Development of the Lower Euphrates Basin in Turkeyby Nilgun Harmancioglu, George Washington Univ, Washington, DC, USA,
Abstract: The case of Lower Euphrates in Turkey represents fairly well the dynamic character of multi-purpose projects with respect to technological developments and changes in economic factors. Its multi-purpose plan, with special emphasis on irrigation and hydropower, underwent significant modifications since 1958, until the construction of the first project, the Karakaya Dam, was started in 1980. A rather recent feasibility report in 1970 proposed a three-dam scheme for irrigation and hydropower among the 22 alternatives studied. The oil crisis of 1973-74, however, led to the selection of the second best scheme, namely the Karakaya/Ataturk alternative, as economically the most feasible plan. The key features of this project include 4200 MW of installed capacity for the power plants and the irrigation of 900,000 ha of arable land.
Subject Headings: Economic factors | Power plants | Developing countries | Basins | Hydro power | Irrigation | Feasibility studies | Case studies | Asia | Turkey
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