Pier Review

by Dennis V. Padron, Partner; Han-Padron Associates, 1270 Broadway, New York, N.Y. 10001,

Serial Information: Civil Engineering—ASCE, 1985, Vol. 55, Issue 9, Pg. 54-55

Document Type: Feature article


Upgrading piers to accommodate ships larger than those for which the piers were originally designed is a common problem facing civil engineers. Three case histories illustrate different solution concepts that enable piers to resist the larger berthing impact force. At Exxon's Baytown refinery Dock 1 the new fender system is completely independent of the existing dock, imposing no loads on it. Pier 17 at the U.S. Navy's Submarine Base, New London, was upgraded by using modern computer techniques to determine its capacity to resist horizontal forces and providing a fender system that fully utilizes this capacity. At International Marine Terminals' Central Dock on the lower Mississippi, upgrading could be achieved by substituting highly efficient buckling type rubber fenders for the existing tubular rubber fenders.

Subject Headings: Fenders | Docks | Piers | Case studies | Ships | Impact forces | Load factors | Submerging | London | United Kingdom | Europe | Mississippi | United States

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