Behavior of Cavity Masonry Walls Under Out-of-Plane Lateral Loading: An Analytical Approach

by Ahmad A. Hamid, Drexel Univ, Philadelphia, PA, USA,
Fred A. Carruolo, Drexel Univ, Philadelphia, PA, USA,

Document Type: Proceeding Paper

Part of: New Analysis Techniques for Structural Masonry


In this paper, a finite element model is used to analyze cavity walls in an attempt to understand their complex behavior and to evaluate the adequacy of the assumptions embodied in the current simplified design approach. The model accounts for material orthotropy and considers different geometric properties and boundary conditions to study wall deflections, tie forces and wall moments and stresses. The results show that boundary conditions of the two wythes have a significant effect on wall behavior and that load transfer and tie forces are not uniform.

Subject Headings: Lateral loads | Material properties | Cavitation | Masonry | Walls | Load factors | Boundary conditions | Finite element method

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