Oil Platforms as Reefs: Oil and Fish CAN Mixby Paul K. Driessen, US Dep of the Interior, Minerals, Management Service, Washington, DC, USA,
Abstract: Offshore oil and gas production platforms function as excellent artificial reefs, providing a hard substrate for corals, bivalves and other sessile animals, as well as food and shelter for a wide variety of benthic, midwater and surface fish and invertebrates. The biological basis for this artificial reef phenomenon is presented, along with a summary of typical species associated with California and Gulf of Mexico platforms.
Subject Headings: Offshore platforms | Reefs and sills | Fish management | Substrates | Wells (oil and gas) | Animals | North America | California | Gulf of Mexico | United States
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