The Failure of Section 312 of the CZMA

by David E. Ortman, N. W. Friends of the Earth, Seattle, WA, USA,

Document Type: Proceeding Paper

Part of: Coastal Zone '85


Coastal Zone Management Act, as amended, provides for a continuing evaluation of a state's Coastal Zone Management Program. This paper reviews the history and evolution of Section 312 evaluations by the Office of Ocean and Coastal Resource Management in the state of Washington with an emphasis on public participation, the evaluation process, and problems affecting the success of such evaluations.

Subject Headings: Coastal processes | Resource management | Failure analysis | Coastal management | Ocean engineering | History | Public participation | Public policy | Washington | United States

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