Radioactivity in the Ocean: Laws and Biological Effects

by Carolyn T. Hunsaker, Oak Ridge Natl Lab, Environmental, Sciences Div, Oak Ridge, TN, USA,

Document Type: Proceeding Paper

Part of: Coastal Zone '85


This paper summarizes the literature on U. S. laws and international agreements, experimental and monitoring data, and ongoing studies to provide background information for environmental assessment and regulatory compliance activities for ocean dumping of low-level radioactive waste. The United States ended its ocean dumping of radioactive wastes in 1970, but other countries have continued ocean dumping under international supervision in the northeast Atlantic. Monitoring of former U. S. disposal sites has neither revealed significant effects on marine biota nor indicated a hazard to human health.

Subject Headings: Biological processes | Occupational safety | Environmental issues | Ocean engineering | Water pollution | Radioactive wastes | Personnel management | Waste sites | United States

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