Alaska Wetlands: An Opportunity for Protection

by Laurie Marcus, Environmental Science Associates, San Francisco, CA, USA,

Document Type: Proceeding Paper

Part of: Coastal Zone '85


Alaska has retained the majority of wetlands as intact functioning ecosystems. These areas encompass 57% of the land area of the state or, about 223 million acres. Wetland types vary from wet and moist tundra to spruce bogs and muskeg to coastal marsh and tidal flats. This paper reviews the distribution of wetland types in the state, historic losses of wetlands and the present development pressures on these areas.

Subject Headings: Wetlands (fresh water) | Wildlife | Wetlands (coastal) | Moisture | Vegetation | Cold regions | Tides | Historic sites | Alaska | United States

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