Texas Ground Water Lawby Martin Wilson, Texas Water Commission, Austin, TX, USA,
Abstract: Groundwater in Texas is generally considered the property of the surface owner, subject to the rule of capture. This English common law standard was developed at a time when the movement of groundwater was considered 'secret, occult, and concealed. ' Surface water is generally a resource of the state, subject to an extensive scheme of appropriation and regulation. The issue facing Texas is the development of an alternative, and complementary, scheme of regulation of groundwater which is both adequate to deal with such problems as contamination and subsidence and sensitive to traditional ownership rights. Texas' primary instrument of regulation of groundwater is the underground water conservation district. The state will be subject to increasing pressure to regulate effectively.
Subject Headings: Water supply | Groundwater | Water resources | Water rights | Water pressure | Surface properties | Surface water | North America | Texas | United States
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