Streamflow Losses, Consequent Flow Through a Thick Unsaturated Zone, and Recharge to an Unconfined Aquiferby J. R. Marie, US Geological Survey, Tucson, AZ, USA,
Abstract: Two experiments were conducted in conjunction with a 23-day aquifer test made in south-central Arizona to determine (1) water loss from a natural channel and (2) flow through a 330-foot-thick unsaturated zone overlying an unconfined aquifer. The experiments provided control for the aquifer test plus results relative to arid land hydrology. The increases of soil moisture within the 330-foot-thick unsaturated zone and the consequent water-level rises show that recharge can occur quickly and that relatively large amounts of water can be recharged through thick sequences of unsaturated material.
Subject Headings: Streamflow | Aquifers | Unsaturated flow | Soil water | Water level | Pumping tests | Channel flow | Water flow | Water loss | Arizona | North America | United States
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