Estimating Wastewater Capacity of a Cedar Swamp

by Francis D. Heliotis, Univ of Wisconsin-Madison, Inst for, Environmental Studies, Madison, WI, USA,
Calvin B. DeWitt, Univ of Wisconsin-Madison, Inst for, Environmental Studies, Madison, WI, USA,



Document Type: Proceeding Paper

Part of: Environmental Engineering

Abstract: The response of water table to rainfall provided the basis for estimating the wastewater capacity of a northern Michigan cedar swamp which had been used for disposal of 30 million gallons of domestic sewage annually. Two types of response were observed: a gradual water table rise due to water percolation, and a rapid rise of much greater magnitude attributed to capillary phenomena. Based on the first type of response, a model was constructed predicting the position of water table for a given water input. This model could be used to estimate the maximum allowable wastewater discharge into the system. (Author abstract. )

Subject Headings: Wastewater management | Wetlands (fresh water) | Water table | Hydrologic models | Water resources | Water discharge | Percolation | Rain water | Michigan | North America | United States

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