Forecasting Water Use: A Tutorial

by John J. Boland, Johns Hopkins Univ, Baltimore, MD, USA,

Document Type: Proceeding Paper

Part of: Computer Applications in Water Resources


In spite of 4,000 years of public water supply system construction, designs have been customarily based on forecasts of future water use only during the last 100 years. Choices among available forecasting methods are based on issues and criteria developed during that 100 years of forecasting experience. These issues and criteria are examined by reviewing the historical development of forecasting methods, by considering general principles of forecasting, and by incorporating the insights of recent water use research. Topics discussed include the importance of disaggregation in forecasting, the role of price and income, the consequences of changes in household and employment characteristics, and weather normalization.

Subject Headings: Water supply systems | Pricing | Employment | Water use | Forecasting

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