Modeling Contaminant Fate and Transport in Ground Water Systemsby Cass T. Miller, Univ of North Carolina at Chapel, Hill, Dep of Environmental Sciences, & Engineering, Chapel Hill, NC,
Walter J. Weber, Jr., Univ of North Carolina at Chapel, Hill, Dep of Environmental Sciences, & Engineering, Chapel Hill, NC,
Abstract: Determination of the fate and transport of contaminants in subsurface environments has been aided by recent advances in our understanding of ground water hydrodynamics and subsurface solute reactions, and by parallel development of innovations in computer technology. Advanced computational capabilities afford the application of numerical models which incorporate accurate representation of complex transport and transformation phenomena, thus allowing more realistic assessment of contaminant behavior in ground water systems. This paper presents an overview of models which can be used to describe several major transport and transformation phenomena, and of methods which can be used to facilitate the solutions and application of such models.
Subject Headings: Water supply systems | Pollutants | Groundwater | Hydrologic models | Groundwater pollution | Numerical models | Model accuracy | Transport phenomena
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