Environmental Legislation Impact on the Port of New York and New Jerseyby John Zammit, US Army Corps of Engineers, Operations Div, New York, NY, USA,
Document Type: Proceeding Paper
Part of: Dredging and Dredged Material Disposal
Abstract: Environmental legislation since 1972 has resulted in an extensive evaluation of dredged material disposal alternatives for New York Harbor navigation projects. Consideration has been given to open water disposal, to include the ocean, construction of containment islands in bay areas, beach nourishment, sanitary landfill cover, and wetlands creation. Investigations by the Corps of Engineers have shown that there are alternatives that are environmentally safe that can be established or continue to be undertaken at a reasonable cost. There is no single 'best' disposal choice or alternative. Any disposal method selected is generally unacceptable to someone. The Corps must balance the impacts of disposal and decide what is in the public interest.
Subject Headings: Environmental issues | Ports and harbors | Legislation | Dredged materials | Ocean engineering | Public policy | Navigation (waterway) | North America | United States | New York | New Jersey
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