Planning and Management of Disposal Areasby James D. Hilton, US Army Corps of Engineers, Jacksonville, FL, USA,
Abstract: Passage of the Clean Water Act of 1977 required federal agencies to obtain either water quality certification or a waiver from the state for the discharge of dredged or fill material into navigable waters of the State. Obtaining water quality certification for maintenance dredging of federal navigation channels developed into a long, tedious process. In the interim, the navigation channels were shoaling and vessels were experiencing difficulty entering and leaving the ports. Florida Ports Council, realizing the potential loss of trade, joined together and drafted legislation to deal with long-term requirements to maintenance dredge the ports.
Subject Headings: Water quality | Water resources | Dredging | Ports and harbors | Maintenance | Licensure and certification | Dredged materials | Water discharge | North America | Florida | United States
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