Current Status of Urban Hydrology in Finland

by Matti Melanen, Natl Board of Waters, Technical, Research Office, Helsinki, Finland,
Risto Laukkanen, Natl Board of Waters, Technical, Research Office, Helsinki, Finland,



Document Type: Proceeding Paper

Part of: Urban Hydrology

Abstract: Due to a smaller scale of urban problems on Finland, active research work on urban hydrology began as late as in the mid-1970's. The major urban hydrology and related studies performed have dealt with U. S. Environmental Protection Agency Storm Water Management Model (EPA-SWMM) applications, survey and evaluation of the performance of the sewage treatment plants, collection and analysis of data on the urban storm water quantity and quality, indirect estimation of the quantity and quality of storm water, survey and evaluation of the combined sewer systems, experiments on storm water infiltration, survey and evaluation of the leakage inflows to sewer networks, and statistical evaluation of the performance of the sewage treatment plants. Refs.

Subject Headings: Stormwater management | Hydrology | Water treatment plants | Storm sewers | Water quality | Urban areas | Hydrologic models | Hydrographic surveys | Municipal water | Finland | Europe

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