The Incidence, Monitoring, and Treatment of Viruses in Water Supply Systems: A State-of-the Art Reviewby
Task Committee on Viruses in Drinking Water of the Committee on Water Supply and Resources Management of the Environmental Engineering Division
American Society of Civil Engineers, New York, NY
978-0-87262-376-7 (ISBN-13) | 0-87262-376-9 (ISBN-10), 1983, Soft Cover, Pg. 85
Out of Print: Not available at ASCE Bookstore.
Abstract: Two areas of growing concern in water treatment and public health are the potential for spread of viruses by water routes and the adequacy of current treatment and disinfection practices to guard against such occurrences. Viruses are extremely small, difficult or impossible to collect and culture, and contamination is an ever present problem. Many viruses are more resistant to disinfection than are coliform bacteria, and therefore, while current practices and standards assure bacterial safety, viral safety is uncertain. The objective of this review is to place these and related issues into proper perspective and to provide the professional with sufficient information to make an intelligent decision concerning viral contamination/infection issues. Areas covered include: (1) The nature of viruses; (2) classification of viruses; (3) viruses of concern in water supply; (4) incidence of waterborne viral disease; (5) evaluation of potential for viral disease transmision; (6) assay procedures for enteroviruses; (7) micro-organisms as virus indicators; (8) infectious dose; and (9) survival of viruses in natural systems. Considerable attention is given to various water treatment processes and to the response of viruses to the different treatment processes.
Subject Headings: Viruses | Water treatment | Bacteria | Water supply systems | Diseases | Pollution | Safety
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