Serial Information: Civil Engineering—ASCE, 1983, Vol. 53, Issue 6, Pg. 54-55

Document Type: Feature article


In order to get its citizens back on its downtown streets after 6 PM, Milwaukee decided to build a mall, combining new buildings along with renovations of existing buildings. The problem of where to get the money necessary for access roads and sidewalks and parking garages, as well as the four-block mall, was solved with tax incremental financing plus a grant from the federal government once they had the majority of the funds in hand. The only difficulty the engineers encountered during construction was the rubble and an irregular grid of concrete buried deep below the surface, with no record to show them where all this might be. They thus laid foundation piles blind, making sketches of location obstructions, conveying it to the engineers, who made an on-the-spot decision what to do, and relaying their decision back via helicopter. The store has so far been a huge success since opening in August 1982, selling goods at a rate of $250/sq ft.

Subject Headings: Shopping centers | Parking facilities | Federal government | Pile foundations | Business districts | Streets | Renovation | Existing buildings | Wisconsin | United States

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