The Third Wave in Water Quality Management

by Robert J. Foxen, Pres.; Robert J. Foxen & Assoc., 360 Lexington Ave., New York, N.Y. 10017,

Serial Information: Civil Engineering—ASCE, 1983, Vol. 53, Issue 4, Pg. 43-45

Document Type: Feature article


In the 1970's there was great pressure to clean up water-polluting discharges no matter what the cost. Now in the tight-budget 1980s, there is a vigorous search for more cost-effective ways of cleaning up the environment. Evidence of this was the requirement initiated a few years ago by EPA that all proposed advanced wastewater treatment plants be reviewed by EPA-Washington. Also, there was the section 301 waiver that Congress wrote into the 1977 Clean Water Act allowing communities discharging into marine waters to apply for an exemption from mandatory secondary treatment if they could prove such would not harm the environment. It is proposed that existing legislation should be modified to allow any discharger, regardless of location, to request a waiver from a minimum of secondary treatment if he can demonstrate water quality standards will still be achieved.

Subject Headings: Water discharge | Water waves | Quality control | Water quality | Wastewater treatment plants | Financial management | Environmental Protection Agency | Clean Water Act

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