Prediction and Control of Pedestrian-Induced Vibration in Footbridges

by John E. Wheeler, Sr. Engr.; Bridge Design Main Roads Dept., Waterloo Crescent, East Perth, Western Australia, Australia 6000,


Serial Information: Journal of the Structural Division, 1982, Vol. 108, Issue 9, Pg. 2045-2065


Document Type: Journal Paper

Errata: (See full record)

Abstract: Footbridges vibrate because the forces imparted by the user are applied with the frequency of the pace and movement, however small, is therefore a forced vibration. In instances where the pace coincides with a structure resonant frequency dynamic movement can be quite large and the user may be disturbed or even alarmed. Vibration is recognized as a serviceability limit state and a process that can be employed as a design tool permitting an early assessment of behavior is proposed. The subject is investigated in terms of the pedestrian excitation source, the structure response, and acceptance criteria. Calculated response compares favorably with test results. Remedial or preventative options in the form of various damping devices are reviewed.

Subject Headings: Vibration | Foot bridges | Pedestrians | Resonance | Structural dynamics | Serviceability | Limit states | Excitation (physics)

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