Intersecting Submerged Jet Velocity Profiles

by W. Hall C. Maxwell, (F.ASCE), Prof.; Dept. of Civ. Engrg., Univ. of Illinois, Urbana, Ill. 61801,
Arni Snorrason, Research Asst.; Illinois State Water Survey, Urbana, Ill.,

Serial Information: Journal of the Engineering Mechanics Division, 1982, Vol. 108, Issue 5, Pg. 975-980

Document Type: Journal Paper


To gather experimental evidence on the details of the velocity field near the intersection of two submerged turbulent jets, this study measured time average velocity magnitudes and directions of two perpendicular interesting axisymmetric submerged turbulent incompressible air jets of approximately equal strength. Because of the need to detect reverse flows, a three-dimensional pitot-type probe was used. This could sense yaw and pitch angles as well as velocity magnitudes. The data show that the reverse flow spreads much more rapidly perpendicular to the nozzle plane than in the nozzle plane, whereas the forward flow is fairly symmetric. Similarity profiles were found in both the forward and reverse flows. In the forward flow the distribution was essentially Gaussian. This was also true in the backward flow in the direction normal to the plane of the nozzles. In the plane of the nozzles the backward flow profiles were close to self-elliptical or semi-circular, depending on the scales for plotting.

Subject Headings: Jets (fluid) | Velocity profile | Flow profiles | Field tests | Flow distribution | Three-dimensional flow | Turbulent flow | Intersections | Axisymmetry

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