Research and Practice in Urban Runoff in Canada

by Donald Weatherbe, Head; River Systems Unit, Water Resources Branch, Ontario Ministry of the Environment, 135 St. Clair Ave. West, Toronto, Ontario, Canada M4V 1P5,
Jiri Marsalek, Hydr. Engr.; Hydr. Div., National Water Research Inst., Environment Canada, Burlington, Ontario, Canada,
George Zukovs, Project Mgr.; Pollution Control Branch, Ontario Ministry of the Environment, Toronto, Ontario, Canada,

Serial Information: Journal of the Technical Councils of ASCE, 1982, Vol. 108, Issue 2, Pg. 226-240

Document Type: Journal Paper

Abstract: Much of the research of the 1970's has entered into the practice of urban runoff control in Canada. Urban runoff quality inputs on the Great Lakes are slight; although additional research into organic trace contaminants is needed. Urban rainfall-runoff modelling has concentrated on design storms and hydraulic aspects mostly for use in design. Quantity control technology includes inlet and storage devices with quality control limited to consideration of ponds as settling devices, sometimes with chemicals added. Comprehensive river basin studies typically consider urban drainage effects. Municipal drainage guidelines generally require consideration of the major and minor system. Continued research needs in urban runoff quality and quantity would be assisted by establishment of research catchments for long-term monitoring.

Subject Headings: Urban areas | Runoff | Hydraulic design | Hydraulic models | Drainage | Lakes | Pollutants | Rainfall-runoff relationships | Canada | North America | Great Lakes

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