Failure of an Anchored Bulkhead

by David E. Daniel, (A.M.ASCE), Asst. Prof.; Dept. of Civ. Engrg., Univ. of Texas, Austin, Tex. 78712,
Roy E. Olson, (F.ASCE), Prof.; Dept. of Civ. Engrg., Univ. of Texas, Austin, Tex. 78712,


Serial Information: Journal of the Geotechnical Engineering Division, 1982, Vol. 108, Issue 10, Pg. 1318-1327


Document Type: Journal Paper

Discussion: Browzin Boris S. (See full record)
Discussion: Pilecki T. J. (See full record)
Discussion: Steenfelt Jorgen S. (See full record)
Discussion: Tinoco Fernando H. (See full record)
Closure: (See full record)

Abstract: An 800-ft (240 m) long anchored bulkhead with a height of 65 ft (20 m) was designed more or less in accord with published recommendations by several acknowledged experts. Nevertheless, the wall failed. Post-failure analysis indicated that the source of error was a lack of understanding of soil behavior under conditions involving significant excavation near the bulkhead. The design was adequate for undrained conditions but was inadequate for fully drained conditions.

Subject Headings: Bulkheads | Soil analysis | Walls | Forensic engineering | Errors (statistics) | Excavation | Drainage

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