Measurmment of Velocities in Solitary Waves

by Jiin-Jen Lee, (M.ASCE), Visiting Assoc. in Civ. Engrg.; W. M. Keck Lab. of Hydr. & Water Resources, California Inst. of Tech., Pasadena, Calif. 91125,
James E. Skjelbreia, (A.M.ASCE), Grad. Research Asst.; W. M. Keck Lab. of Hydr. & Water Resources, California Inst. of Tech., Pasadena, Calif. 91125,
Fredric Raichlen, (M.ASCE), Prof. of Civ. Engrg.; W. M. Keck Lab. of Hydro. & Water Res., California Inst. of Tech., Pasadena, Calif. 91125,


Serial Information: Journal of the Waterway Port Coastal and Ocean Division, 1982, Vol. 108, Issue 2, Pg. 200-218


Document Type: Journal Paper

Discussion: Sibley Paul O. (See full record)
Closure: (See full record)

Abstract: The water surface profiles and corresponding water particle velocities of several solitary waves have been obtained. The measurements of the horizontal and vertical velocity components are conducted using a two-dimensional laser-Doppler velocimeter (LDV). Results are presented for three different wave height-to-depth ratios: ϵ = 0.11, 0.19 and 0.29. The experimental results are compared with existing theories which follow different orders of approximation, and the theories are found to agree well with the experiments. It has been convincingly demonstrated that the LDV measurement technique offers an unmatched advantage to determine the water particle velocities under water waves, especially in the region above the still water level.

Subject Headings: Wave velocity | Particle velocity | Solitary waves | Wave measurement | Water waves | Water surface profiles | Velocity profile

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