U.S. Response to Coal Demand: Port and Harbor Improvements

by Michael J. Gawinski, (M.ASCE), Project Coordinator; Dravo Corp., Engineering Works Div., Pittsburgh, Pa.,

Serial Information: Civil Engineering—ASCE, 1982, Vol. 52, Issue 4, Pg. 53-57

Document Type: Feature article


The OPEC oil embargo, which caused long gasoline lines in 1973, caused incredibly long lines of coal ships along the East coast just last year. These ships came to bet coal to fuel overseas power plant boilers and found out ports unable to meet demand. U.S. coal loading is impaired because we have not kept pace with the world in port construction and harbor deepening efforts. These areas for improvement are now in the planning for virtually every U.S. seaport.

Subject Headings: Ports and harbors | Ships | Power plants | Gasoline | Coastal environment | Coal | Load factors | Construction management

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