Groundwater Contamination by Chlorinated Hydrocarbons: Causes and Prevention

by Harold G. Byer, S.E., (M.ASCE), Dist. Engineer; Water Supply Branch, EPA Region 111, Philadelphia, Pa.,
Robert Allen, Chf.; Hazardous Materials Branch, EPA Region 111, Philadelphia, Pa.,
William Blankenship, Technical Advisor; Water Supply Branch, EPA Region 111, Philadelphia, Pa.,

Serial Information: Civil Engineering—ASCE, 1981, Vol. 51, Issue 3, Pg. 54-55

Document Type: Feature article


Groundwater contamination by chlorinated hydrocarbons is becoming a major problem to public water suppliers and private homeowners who have their own wells. The chemical background, composition and health effects of some of the compounds are discussed. Basic routes of groundwater contamination resulting from spills of chlorinated hydrocarbons or by poor waste storage practices are diagrammed, and proper hazardous waste control facilities are described. A nitroglycerine trap is diagrammed as a possible control facility.

Subject Headings: Groundwater pollution | Waste storage | Chlorine | Hydrocarbons | Hazardous materials spills | Hazardous wastes | Private sector | Wells (water)

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