The Coastal Zone: Battleground and Classroom

by Virginia Fairweather, Editor; ASCE News, New York, N.Y.,

Serial Information: Civil Engineering—ASCE, 1978, Vol. 48, Issue 2, Pg. 66-71

Document Type: Feature article

Errata: (See full record)

Abstract: The coastal zone of the nation is becoming the battleground for opposing energy and environmental interests. The Coastal Zone Management Law of 1972 asked that each state prepare a coastal management plan with which federal agencies could comply. Progress and problems are described, including a major lawsuit over interpretation of the national interest in energy resource exploration of the outer continental shelf in relation to the provisions of the law. The issue of federal/state power is one of the problems as is state/local municipality jurisdiction. Others include dredging, harbor maintenance, local zoning, the effect of man-made structures on the coastline, recreational needs, public access to the shore, erosion, protection of wetlands. A major mapping effort is part of the nationwide program and new techniques are discussed. Focus is on four states: California, New Jersey, Florida and Washington.

Subject Headings: Coastal engineering | Environmental issues | Federal laws | Zoning |

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