Temperature Effects in Flows over Nonplanar Beds

by Brent D. Taylor, (A.M.ASCE), Lt.; CEC, U.S. Navy, Civ. Engrg. Lab., Naval Constr. Battalion Ctr., Port Hueneme, CA,

Serial Information: Journal of the Hydraulics Division, 1974, Vol. 100, Issue 12, Pg. 1785-1807

Document Type: Journal Paper


Laboratory results show that in flows over ripple and dune beds a 15-20°C increase in water temperature can affect significant changes in bed-load discharge, bed form and roughness. These results are correlated with data from natural streams. The analysis indicates that temperature related changes in a stream at constant discharge are primarily a function of grain-roughness boundary Reynolds number R߱∗b. In flows in which R߱∗b is less than a value near 10, an increase in water temperature effects an increase in bed-load discharge and an early (lower-velocity) transition from ripples to dunes. Whereas 10 〈 R߱∗b 〉 20 which is obtained in several American rivers, the temperature effect on bed-load discharge depends on the distribution of bed sediment sizes due to a qualitative change in temperature effect on bed-load discharge that takes place in this range of R߱∗b and bed form transitions, e.g., dunes to flat bed, occur at lower velocities with cold water.

Subject Headings: Water discharge | Bed loads | Bed materials | Dunes | Temperature effects | Temperature distribution | Water flow | Water temperature

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