National Weather Service River Forecasting System

by John C. Monro, Res. Hydro.; Ofc. of Hydro., Natl. Weather Service, NOAA, Silver Spring, MD,
Eric A. Anderson, Res. Hydro.; Ofc. of Hydro., Natl. Weather Service, NOAA, Silver Spring, MD,


Serial Information: Journal of the Hydraulics Division, 1974, Vol. 100, Issue 5, Pg. 621-630


Document Type: Journal Paper

Abstract: The National Weather Service River Forecast System describes a method and details computer programs of efficient operational use of a conceptual hydrologic model for river forecasting. A new format has been established for the retrieval of hourly precipitation data and daily observations (from the National Climatic Center, NOAA). A computer program is provided to perform all steps to convert the basic precipitation data to areal means. A procedure and computer programs needed for calibrating the basic conceptual model to a large number of basins in a reasonable time are described. The basic conceptual model has wide applicability. The inclusion of a snow-pack model and additions to the channel-routing procedure planned for the near future will make the model applicable over nearly all of the United States.

Subject Headings: Forecasting | River systems | Computer models | Hydrologic models | Computer software | Hydraulic models | Precipitation | Rivers and streams | North America | United States

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