STOL Aircraft Flight and Landing Area Considerations

by John M. Riebe, Aero-Space Technologist; V/STOL Program Off., Low-Speed Aircraft Div., Natl. Aeronautics and Space Admin., Langley Res. Ctr., Hampton, VA,

Serial Information: Transportation Engineering Journal of ASCE, 1973, Vol. 99, Issue 2, Pg. 339-351

Document Type: Journal Paper


Current research to achieve a technically and socially acceptable short take-off and landing (STOL) aircraft system to help alleviate present air transportation congestion is outlined considering both flight and runway elements. The aerodynamic jet-flap propulsive-lift concept is briefly reviewed with proposed turbofan powered-lift aircraft. Short, single direction, and possibly elevated runways are considered for use in high-land-cost urban areas. Aircraft capability is being developed to enable operations under high crosswind conditions, possibly through the use of crosswind landing gears or crosswind-reducing fences erected along the sides of the runway. Techniques are being developed to insure smooth wind flow over elevated STOL ports, such as on the roofs of buildings; and emergency arresting systems are under study to contain the aircraft on the runway. Heating and grooving of the runway has been explored analytically as a method of keeping the required runway length short by guaranteeing runway friction even under ice and snow conditions.

Subject Headings: Airport and airfield pavements | Flight | Launching and landing | Social factors | Traffic congestion | Aerodynamics | Urban areas | Fences

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