A Water Quality Model of Chlorides in Great Lakes

by Donald J. O'Connor, (M.ASCE), Prof. of Civ. Engrg.; Manhattan Coll., New York, NY,
John A. Mueller, (A.M.ASCE), Asst. Prof. of Civ. Engrg.; Manhattan Coll., New York, NY,

Serial Information: Journal of the Sanitary Engineering Division, 1970, Vol. 96, Issue 4, Pg. 955-975

Document Type: Journal Paper


The increase in the concentration of conservative substances in the Great Lakes is described by a simple time variable equation. The concentration of chlorides is related to the fresh water flow, the volumes of the lakes and the various sources—municipal, industrial, natural background and road de-icing. The increase in concentration since 1900 is presented and projections are made of anticipated concentrations based on various assumptions of control.

Subject Headings: Water quality | Hydrologic models | Lakes | Chloride | Fresh water | Water flow | Industries | Highways and roads | Great Lakes

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