Stratification of Flow from Channel into Deep Lake

by Heinz Stefan, (A.M.ASCE), Asst. Prof.; Dept. of Civ. Engrg. and Hydr., St. Anthony Falls Hydr. Lab., Univ. of Minn., Minneapolis, MN,


Serial Information: Journal of the Hydraulics Division, 1970, Vol. 96, Issue 7, Pg. 1417-1434


Document Type: Journal Paper

Abstract:

The flow of heated water from an open channel into a reservoir containing colder and essentially stagnant water has been studied in a laboratory flume. The basic mechanisms which can produce a variety of substantially different flow patterns are considered. The combined effects of buoyancy, viscosity, and stratification conditions in the reservoir on the flow are shown qualitatively in the case of a two-layered system. The information obtained has a relationship to the design and operation of heated water outlets into lakes and ocean outfalls.



Subject Headings: Water flow | Reservoirs | Lakes | Heat flow | Open channel flow | Open channels | Flumes

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