Stratification of Flow from Channel into Deep Lake

by Heinz Stefan, (A.M.ASCE), Asst. Prof.; Dept. of Civ. Engrg. and Hydr., St. Anthony Falls Hydr. Lab., Univ. of Minn., Minneapolis, MN,

Serial Information: Journal of the Hydraulics Division, 1970, Vol. 96, Issue 7, Pg. 1417-1434

Document Type: Journal Paper

Discussion: Wilkinson David L. (See full record)
Closure: (See full record)


The flow of heated water from an open channel into a reservoir containing colder and essentially stagnant water has been studied in a laboratory flume. The basic mechanisms which can produce a variety of substantially different flow patterns are considered. The combined effects of buoyancy, viscosity, and stratification conditions in the reservoir on the flow are shown qualitatively in the case of a two-layered system. The information obtained has a relationship to the design and operation of heated water outlets into lakes and ocean outfalls.

Subject Headings: Channel flow | Stratified flow | Density stratification | Reservoirs | Water flow | Heat flow | Lakes | Buoyancy | Flumes | Open channel flow

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