Status of Radioactive Waste Disposal in U.S.A.

by Frank L. Parker,

Serial Information: Journal of the Sanitary Engineering Division, 1969, Vol. 95, Issue 3, Pg. 439-464

Document Type: Journal Paper

Abstract: The main emphasis in research studies of liquid radioactive management has been: (1) Demonstration of the effectiveness and economic feasibility of conversion to solids of the higher level liquid wastes; (2) conversion to solids in place and in the ground for low and intermediate level waste; and (3) determination of the fate and hazard of the minor quantities of liquid waste discharged to the environment. For gaseous wastes, the emphasis has been on the removal of the various forms of iodine in the off-gas systems and the development of new methods for noble gas removal. For solid waste disposal, better containment has been sought, and private burial operations have been transferred to commercial burial grounds. The management of radioactive wastes has not proven to be a deterent to a nuclear power economy. The major problems remaining are methods of the removal of noble gases and tritium, development of methods of fuel reprocessing, and understanding of the movements of radionuclides in the environment.

Subject Headings: Radioactive wastes | Solid wastes | Solid mechanics | Feasibility studies | Waste disposal | Economic factors | Environmental issues |

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