Some Turbulence Measurements in Open-Channel Flow

by R. S. McQuivey,
E. V. Richardson,

Serial Information: Journal of the Hydraulics Division, 1969, Vol. 95, Issue 1, Pg. 209-224

Document Type: Journal Paper


Measurements of the characteristics of turbulence in hydrodynamically smooth and hydrodynamically rough open-channel flow using hot-film anemometry technics showed: (a) that the relative turbulent intensity of the vertical velocity component was about 60% of the longitudinal, (b) that the spectral energy distribution was not significantly affected by the type of flow, (c) that most of the turbulent energy is contained in frequencies less than 5 hertz, (d) the macroscale of the turbulence as determined from the autocorrelation function was on the same order as the depth and (e) the ratio of the microscale to depth ranged from 0.1 to 0.2. The measurements were used to verify experimentally the longitudinal direction momentum terms in the Navier-Stokes equation and to determine qualitatively the magnitude of the production, diffusion, and dissipation terms in the energy equation.

Subject Headings: Turbulent flow | Flow measurement | Hydro power | Power transmission | Power spectral density | Open channels | Open channel flow | Energy measurement

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