Sand Liquefaction Under Cyclic Loading Simple Shear Conditions

by W. H. Peacock,
H. Bolton Seed,

Serial Information: Journal of the Soil Mechanics and Foundations Division, 1968, Vol. 94, Issue 3, Pg. 689-708

Document Type: Journal Paper

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Test data to compare the resulting behavior with that observed under cyclic loading triaxial test conditions are presented. It is concluded that the liquefaction characteristics observed in the two types of tests are qualitatively similar. However, under cyclic simple shear conditions, which provide a close simulation of the stresses induced under field conditions, the cyclic shear stresses required to cause liquefaction were only about 35% of those determined by more approximate triaxial test procedures. It is suggested, however, that limitations of the simple shear test procedure induce liquefaction at stress levels perhaps 40% to 50% lower than those corresponding to actual field conditions, and that a correction factor of this order of magnitude should be applied to laboratory simple shear test data intended for use in the analyses of field problems. The test program also showed that frequency effects, within the range from 1/6 cps to 4 cps, are small.

Subject Headings: Soil liquefaction | Shear tests | Shear stress | Triaxial tests | Field tests | Cyclic loads | Load tests | Triaxial loads | Cyclic tests

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