Analytically Derived Unit Graph and Runoff

by Roger P. Betson,
Ralph F. Green,

Serial Information: Journal of the Hydraulics Division, 1968, Vol. 94, Issue 6, Pg. 1489-1506

Document Type: Journal Paper


A technique has been programed to solve analytically for measures of precipitation excess and unit graph shape parameters. The optimization procedures achieved a very high degree of adjustment of the model to data, but the results were inconsistent. The paper describes the development of an objective fitting technique. A two-step fitting procedure was devised which substantially increased the objectivity of the fitting technique. The two shape parameters were first individually corrected by a univariate technique to near-optimum values. This reduced the effect of the higher-order partial derivatives with respect to the shape parameters. The simultaneous differential correction technique was then used to obtain corrections for both the shape parameters and the runoff parameters. While this two-step solution technique does not quite yield exact results, they are close enough to the desired values and can be obtained consistently from different starting points.

Subject Headings: Parameters (statistics) | Optimization models | Precipitation | Runoff

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