Fall Velocity of Irregular Shaped Particles

by George R. Alger,
Daryl B. Simons,

Serial Information: Journal of the Hydraulics Division, 1968, Vol. 94, Issue 3, Pg. 721-738

Document Type: Journal Paper


The determination of the free-fall velocity of irregularly shaped particles in viscous fluids is presented. A shape parameter is proposed which correlates Reynolds number with drag coefficient to describe the motion of irregular shapes. This shape parameter results in a useful Reynolds number-drag coefficient relation. Data for analysis were collected from tests of natural gravel-sized particles of various shapes and sizes supplemented by larger regular geometric shapes. The basic motions of a particle in free-fall are classified and analyzed considering causes such as flow separation and vortex formation.

Subject Headings: Particle velocity | Fluid velocity | Parameters (statistics) | Reynolds number | Drag (fluid dynamics) | Data collection | Gravels | Particle size distribution

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