Land Modification for Efficient Use of Water

by Tyler H. Quackenbush,

Serial Information: Journal of the Irrigation and Drainage Division, 1967, Vol. 93, Issue 1, Pg. 7-14

Document Type: Journal Paper


For any water management practice to function efficiently, the surface of the land must be properly prepared. The following methods are considered: land grading for surface drainage in the higher rainfall areas; land leveling for irrigation in the West; contour benching to control erosion from rainfall and give efficient irrigation in the Midwest; soil swapping in western alluvial valleys; deep plowing to eliminate slick spots and increase water penetration in Idaho; water leveling of ricelands in Arkansas, Louisiana and Texas, which reduces water requirements by one-third; parallel terracing in the Midwest and South to conserve rainfall and stop erosion; and dry-land leveling in low rainfall areas to eliminate runoff and increase crop yields. Cuts exposing soils of different textures seem to be the major hazard encountered in this work. The engineer and the soil scientist should work as a team to establish design criteria.

Subject Headings: Rain water | Rainfall-runoff relationships | Water conservation | Surface drainage | Leveling | Water use | Erosion | Soil water | United States | Idaho | Arkansas | Louisiana | Texas

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