Philosophy Of Culvert Designby R. Robinson Rowe,
Serial Information: Journal of the Highway Division, 1966, Vol. 92, Issue 1, Pg. 71-74
Document Type: Journal Paper
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Abstract: Culvert design is traced historically from a philosophic viewpoint, beginning with the nonprofessional conceptions of road foreman and stone masons 60 yr ago. Centralization of the road-building function led to rules-of-thumb and empirical guides, with some standardization of structures. Guides expressed as formulas acquired reputations for infallibility, to the extent that some were worshipped as the formula. The better formulas had some factor of rationality and the better engineers worked to increase the degree of rationality. Pipe vendors played a leading part in such developments, during which their offers of free estimates were often accepted in lieu of unbiased design. However, expansion of highway programs has led to extension of rationality to a sophisticated interplay of hydrology, hydraulics, economics, and highway engineering, as demonstrated by the parts of this symposium.
Subject Headings: Culverts | Highway and road design | Rocks | Highways and roads | Empirical equations | Pipelines | Hydrology
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