Water-Hammer Charts Including Fluid Friction

by David Stephenson,

Serial Information: Journal of the Hydraulics Division, 1966, Vol. 92, Issue 5, Pg. 71-94

Document Type: Journal Paper


The water-hammer equations, including a friction term, are expressed in dimensionless form and solved with the aid of a digital computer using a finite difference scheme. Charts are compiled giving the maximum and minimum water-hammer heads along a range of simple pipelines for linear valve closure. The rigid water column theory is extended to include friction, and the range of applicability of the rigid column theory is demonstrated.

Subject Headings: Water hammer | Friction | Columns | Computer aided operations | Head (fluid mechanics) | Linear functions | Valves | Water pipelines

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