Turbulent Mixing Phenomena of Ocean Outfalls

by Richard J. Frankel,
James D. Cumming,


Serial Information: Journal of the Sanitary Engineering Division, 1965, Vol. 91, Issue 2, Pg. 33-62


Document Type: Journal Paper

Abstract:

The turbulent mixing process that occurs when sewage is discharged into sea water was studied in the laboratory for horizontal, 15○, 30○, 45○, and vertical angles of discharge. Conductivity probes were used to measure the continuous and instantaneous change in ion concentration of the discharged effluent as it diffused into the surrounding fluid. A statistical analysis was made of the mixing process and the effects of surface proximity, angle of discharge, depth-to-diameter ratio, and Froude number on the diffusion of the effluent were studied over a large range of values common to California ocean outfalls.



Subject Headings: Water discharge | Effluents | Diffusion (chemical) | Diffusion (fluid) | Ocean engineering | Sewage | Sea water | Probe instruments | California | United States

Services: Buy this book/Buy this article

 

Return to search